Mongolia is situated in the heart of Asia with rich past epics and long history. The population of Mongolia is at present 2,9 mil. people. Mongolia is ranked as the seventh largest country in Asia and the 18th largest in the world. Mongolia covers an area of 603,899 square miles (1,564,100 sq. km.), larger than the overall combined territory of Great Britain, France, Germany and Italy. Mongolia is the largest land-locked country. Ulaanbaator or simply UB, is the capital of Mongolia with a population of around 1.650.000 inhabitants. The present yearly rate of population growth is estimated as 2.8 per cent. Much of the population growth of Mongolia has been absorbed in urban areas.
Mongolia’s climate is extremely continental. The typical climatic features are sharp temperature fluctuations with the maximum annual amplitudes reaching 90°C in Ulaanbaatar. Even the daily temperature may fluctuate by 20°C-30°C. The coldest month is January. In some regions the temperature drops to between -45°C and -52°C. Average winter: -24°C. The hottest month is July. On the greater part of Mongolian territory the air temperature rises to 20°C. In the south it is as high as 25°C-30°C. Average summer: +22°C. The county is situated at the heart of the central Asia which far from seas and oceans but Mongolia has about 250 sunny days a year called “Land of the Blue Sky”.